Sperm freezing

Men are able to freeze their sperm for use in their own future treatment or to donate to someone else’s treatment. Sperm freezing can be used in following cases;

-The men who have a condition, or are facing medical treatment for a condition like cancer treatment, that may affect on fertility.

-The men who are about to have a vasectomy and want sperm available in case they change their mind about having (more) children.

-The men who have difficult jobs, because There is a high probability of infertility in them.

Egg freezing

Egg freezing is the best way for women who want to Postpone their pregnancy  for any reason and it gives peace of mind to women who are suffering of cancer or endometriosis.

Embryo freezing

Freezing embryos is a technique that can help preserve future fertility with help of ICSI or IVF. It can used in following cases:

-Decline AMH(AntiMullerian Hormone, which corresponds to a person’s egg count)

– Each couple suffering from autoimmune diseases or cancer

– Repeated embryo formation failure

Testicular biopsy

Testicular biopsy is surgery to remove a piece of tissue from one testicle or two. The tissue is examined under a microscope. A testicular biopsy may be used to Retrieve sperm for use in IVF. This is done if sperm are being made in the testicles but are not present in the semen. There are two techniques to carry out testicular biopsy; PESA (Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration) is the method of puncturing the skin of the testicles with a needle into the epididymis and extracting sperm.

TESE (Testicular Epididymal Sperm Extraction) is surgery performed to obtain a small piece of testicular tissue and separating the sperm in the testicular tissue. Sterile condition is necessary to do both techniques.

The needle extraction or testicular tissue biopsy as the functional proven way are used in azoospermia cases with normal FSH level, because in these cases it is impossible to detect the obstructive complications and Spermatogenesis defects. In fact, needle biopsy with diagnosis of obstructive lesions lead to perform an operation.

It should be noted, testicular biopsy is the only definite diagnosis way of presence or absence of sperm in azoospermia cases.